For hundreds of years various European countries and eventually Japan as well, made claim to various regions in China. In 1999 the last of these European colonies was handed back over. This site takes a look at how colonialism continues to influence the modern state of China. However, because every colony was in itself unique I will be specifically looking at the cities of Qingdao and Macau. Please look at my blog for recent posts about this topic or click on one of the links below to learn more about one of the two cities.